By Inge Cannon, HomeschoolTranscripts.com
____ DON’T even think about not providing your children with high school transcripts! No matter where a student is educated—public school, private school, or home—that student deserves a transcript from the people who organized the academic program, taught the courses, and evaluated the work. If you want to teach high schoolers at home, you absolutely must provide them with the documentation of a transcript.
____ DO grant your children a high school diploma. High school graduation is an important bench mark and transition point in a young person’s life, and it should be honored as such. Your children deserve the right to say “yes” on job applications that ask if they have a high school diploma!
____ DON’T use the GED to document high school graduation. You may find yourself in situations that require a GED test score for screening/admissions purposes (however unjustified by law), but that does not mean you have to document graduation by a method that often carries the stigma of a high school dropout.
____ DO identify each child thoroughly on his/her transcript. You will need to indicate full legal name, current address, gender, birthdate, parent or legal guardian name(s), and a Social Security number (especially crucial if you are applying for any financial aid to go to college).
____ DON’T feel obligated to make your transcripts match the public school system in timeline, structure, sequence, curricular options, or anything else. Home education is a tutorial process; thus, it is important to focus on the needs, interests, talents, and gifts of each individual child. Most tutorial education procedures do not follow the typical school structure of living between classroom bells and being classified as freshman, sophomore, junior, or senior—let alone sitting in lecture sessions of designated length and completing routine “busywork” assignments.
____ DO limit yourself to two pages (or one sheet front and back) for your printed transcript. Transcripts (like résumés) are supposed to present a summary of achievement and/or experience—short enough for the reader to know at a glance who the student is and what he/she has done. In academic and most employment circles, anything more than two pages becomes a portfolio.
____ DON’T succumb to any pressure—real or imagined—to require a college preparatory course line-up in order to graduate your children from high school. You do not have to satisfy any college admissions requirements to earn a high school diploma (i.e., there is absolutely nothing wrong with a diploma focused on apprenticeship, the trades, the arts, or any other pursuit of knowledge and skills). However, it does make sense if your child is college-bound to work the college’s admissions requirements into the student’s high school preparation.
____ DO use your child’s transcripts as an annual report card. This is especially helpful when applying for good driver discounts on auto insurance and work permits when employers need them, or to accompany résumés/applications for volunteer and paid positions, etc.
____ DON’T skip physical education credits. Some colleges actually ask students to make up deficiencies in physical education when they enroll. Remember that physical education generally earns half the credit that would be earned for a comparable amount of academic work.
____ DO include Bible credits if yours is a Christian program. Even if a college tells you that it does not recognize “Bible” or “Religious Studies,” your transcript should not be crafted by what the college accepts or denies. The transcript is a report of the work your child has completed.
____ DON’T be rigid about counting hours when assigning Carnegie Units. There is a great deal of variety in the computation of hours required to earn a Carnegie Unit of credit—requirements as low as 120 all the way to 250 hours! Since home education involves a tutorial process of teaching and learning, you will find many occasions where your child’s academic achievement is difficult to document in terms of a specific number of hours. Some situations work best with documentation by textbook equivalency, while others should have a diary of work experiences coupled with a bibliography for training. The important thing is that you know why you assigned a specific amount of credit to a course and that any variation from course to course reflects your stated objectives (and yes, for this you do need to do some planning!).
____ DO be consistent in your assignment of credits and grades—this is no place for emotional entanglement! Teachers do not give students grades. Students earn grades, and teachers simply record them accurately and honestly. Remember that consistency and equality are not synonyms—an “A” in math will be documented with different critera than an “A” in Public Speaking, Home Economics, Orchestra, or World History. Planning your objectives for learning will help you make strategic assignments and identify the levels of achievement that deserve an A, B, C, etc.
____ DON’T “weight” grades with extra GPA points unless you have the proper documentation for doing so. “Weighting” refers to a process of adding an extra grade point to a grade when the course work is advanced (i.e., Advanced Placement or AP, college courses completed during the high school years, and Honors courses where you have a detailed syllabus that outlines the extra work requirements).
____ DO include the necessary statistical summaries: Grade Point Average (GPA) and a tally of the number of credits per subject area (e.g., math, foreign language, English, fine arts, social sciences, natural sciences, physical education, etc.). While the most common GPA system involves a 4-point scale, there are at least four other possibities for making this crucial college admissions calculation. Do a little research about what is common in your state, and then use the same system for the entire transcript. Remember that “class rank” should not be included on home school transcripts—after all, your child is #1 in a class of one!
____ DON’T forget standardized achievement test scores. DO report only the National Percentile Rank and Stanine (NPR/S), and avoid listing any grade equivalents. DO skip the subtest reports and work with the major sections of the assessment (i.e., Mathematics, Reading Comprehension or Language Arts, Basic Battery or Complete Battery).
____ DO include at least a summary of SAT and/or ACT scores—even though each college admissions officer will want a score report sent directly from the test provider/publisher.
____ DO figure out what addendum sheets should be attached to each program. Possibilities include Bibliography of Text Resources, Course Descriptions, Special Features of a Student’s Program, Method of Computing GPA, Guidance Counselor Recommendations, Work in Progress: Senior Year, Extracurricular Activity Descriptions, Grading System, etc.
____ DON’T omit a specific high school graduation date—even if you have to list a projected date for juniors who submit early applications to colleges.
____ DO sign your child’s transcripts and provide a contact telephone number and/or e-mail address. While an embossed seal can add the “aura of officialness,” it is not required.
© Education PLUS, 2006. Reprinted by permission.
Inge Cannon has served the home school movement for almost 25 years and is currently the executive director of Education PLUS, a publishing and teaching ministry dedicated to helping home-educating parents maximize the benefits of a tutorial lifestyle in their families. She is the author/seminar instructor of Transcript Boot Camp on DVD, a thorough 4-hour presentation about high school planning and transcript documentation. Her TranscriptPro software (available both as a CD and as a digital download) gives the professional edge to every parent and is extremely easy to use. Details are available at www.homeschooltranscripts.com and www.edplus.com.